The David vs. Goliath metaphor immediately comes to mind. The young girl shows spunk and courage against the testosterone of powerful male traders – symbolizing the huge risks and huge collapses that occurred by male dominated financial firms leading up to 2008.
And there is the further implication that if more women had been on Wall Street, the bubble either would not have happened or would have been more muted. The implication is that testosterone is toxic.
A lot of experimental research is piling up to reinforce the idea that men are more competitive, and on average take more risks than women; men also have a wider latitude for ethical self-deception (that is to say, they can justify anything). Here are some reads:
- Laura Kray et al. (2012). “Male Pragmatism in Negotiators’ Ethical Reasoning,” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.
- Catherine C. Eckel and Sascha C. Füllbrunn. 2015. "Thar SHE Blows? Gender, Competition, and Bubbles in Experimental Asset Markets." American Economic Review.
- Oliver Wyman, “Women in Financial Services” (2014). http://tinyurl.com/women-in-finance-pdf
The Eckel and Füllbrunn study finds that in experimental markets, men are more likely ... [continue after the break]